Spanish language became the … Spanish Colonial Period. The history of racial mixture in Filipinas (the Philippines) occurred mostly during the Spanish colonial era from the 16th to 19th century. When European traders, in search for a new route to the Spice Islands, stumbled into the … Spanish Period: 1776 to 1822. Spanish rule was punctuated by periodic revolts, many of them involving Chinese who lived outside the walls of Manila in a place called the Parian. From the late 1500s until the late 1800s, Spain attempted to gain a foothold in the area— succeeding only to the extent that some soldiers were eventually allowed by local leaders to maintain a small military presence. The conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi founded the first Spanish settlement in Cebu in 1565, and later established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies in 1571. Spanish colonial leaders, however, never dominated or governed the local area, despite laying claim to the territory. Southeast Asia is home to eleven countries, nearly 700 million people, and a rich variety of religious traditions. When Spain came to the Philippines they instituted a racial caste system. Spanish colonization of the Philippines started in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. 1. Spanish Colonial homes were first built in the parts of America settled by Spaniards—namely Florida, California, and throughout the Southwest—from the 1600s to the mid-1800s. Catholicism in the Philippines during the Spanish Colonial Period 1521-1898. SPANISH INFLUENCES ON THE PHILIPPINE LITERATURE 5. The Spaniards ruled the Philippines for 300 years under these conditions, continually harassed by Chinese pirates, by the Moros (Mohammedans from Mindanao and Sulu), by the Dutch and the English who wanted to take possession of the Islands, and finally by the frequent revolts on the part of the natives. The selected cartoons illustrate not only opinion of certain media outfits about the Philippine society during the American period but also paint a broad image of society and politics under the United States. That year, Don Gaspar de Portola led a Spanish expedition overland to Alta California, and its members became the first Europeans to see el brazo del mar [“the arm of the sea”], now known as San Francisco Bay. In 1769, as European nations continued to compete for territory in North America, Spain began the colonization of the West Coast north of Nueva Espana. 4. Similar to what they instituted in Latin America. Spanish settlement in the Philippines first took place in the 1500s, during the Spanish colonial period of the islands. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 marked the beginning of an era of Spanish interest and eventual colonization. Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines. In 1574, a Chinese pirate named Lin Tao Kien unsuccessfully attacked Manila. Literature started to flourish during his time. Spanish Colonial Caste System in the Philippines. ALIBATA 2. Christian Doctrine 3. The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español; Latin: Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Hispánica) and as the Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica), was one of the largest empires in history. In 1574, the governor of Manila was assassinated by Chinese mutineers on his galley. On November 15, 1935, the Commonwealth of the Philippines was established as a transitional government to prepare … The Governor-General of the Philippines was the title of the government executive during the colonial period of the Philippines, governed mainly by Spain and the United States, and briefly by Great Britain and Japan. Ecuador was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru from 1544 until 1720, when … The transition from the Spanish Colonial period to the American Occupation period demonstrated different scenario of changes and shifts in culture, society, and politics. In the colonies, the viceroyalty, audiencias and municipal councils administered law and trade. (The following is a post by Hong Ta-Moore, Southeast Asia reference librarian, Asian Division.) The spurt continued unabated until the Cavite Revolt in 1872. They were also the representative of the executive of the ruling power. 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